1 edition of Copper and trade in the South-Eastern Mediterranean found in the catalog.
Includes bibliographical references (pages 123-153) and index.
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xvi, 132 p. :|
|Number of Pages||41|
|2||BAR international series -- 2753.|
|3||BAR international series -- 2753|
|Foreword Participants of the conference List of authors Conference papers not included in this volume Copper and trade in the early Bronze Age of Pella in Jordan / Stephen J. Bourke Remarks on the early appearance of copper objects in the northern region of the Southern Levant / Eliot Braun Copper and the early Egyptian economy. The case study of Tell el-Farkha / Marcin Czarnowicz Watching the industry: the workforce of the Roman Faynan / Hannah Friedman Unveiling hidden rituals: Ghassulian metallurgy of the Southern Levant in light of the ethnographical record / Milena Gošić & Isaac Gilead Ages and stages of copper. A comparative approach to the social implementation of metal production during the 5th and 4th Millennium in the Levant and the Balkan Peninsula / Florian Klimscha Trade markers from Tell el-Farkha: remarks on economic relations between Egypt and Palestine during Naqada II/III Period / Piotr Kołodziejczyk Sarakeno metals in the context of Aegean metallurgy / Veronica Liritzis Maxwell Metal weapons in the Southern Levant during the early Bronze Age: an overview / Daria Montanari The copper axes hoard in the early Bronze IIIb Palace of Batrawy, Jordan / Lorenzo Nigro Adzes in the early Dynastic Period and the Old Kingdom / Martin Odler Patterns of trade in Cypriot copper in a the Bronze Age eastern Mediterranean revealed using data from Oxford Archaeological Lead Isotope Database (OXALID) / Zofia Anna Stos-Gale References Index.|
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Such ingots are most frequent in the Near East, while oxhide ingots are characteristic of the Mediterranean copper trade. "They have identified the geological presence of tin," he contended. The age came to an end around 1100 B. "Oldest Known Shipwreck Reveals Splendors of the Bronze Age". Water traffic on the Euphrates and canals was early very considerable. Beads at the site offer an interesting look into the polity's connections to local and long-distance trade networks, including those crossing the Sahara.
But where was there any tin closer to home? Modern metallurgical studies have honorable predecessors in C. In the case of Copper and trade in the South-Eastern Mediterranean, all of which were cast and were probably not subjected to any working, optical examination may indicate the environment in which the ingot cooled—a thin or thick mold or the bottom of a furnace.
During this period copper and tin were smelted together to create bronze, an alloy stronger than its components and easier to create than refining iron. Speaking of the ancient tin workers of the Taurus Mountains, Dr. It has been proposed that ship's destination was a port somewhere in the. Copper ingots from Oman and bitumen from Mesopotamia is likely to have been exchanged for cotton textiles and domestic fowl from the Indus region as examples these as trade goods have been found.
The expedition succeeded and, in addition, it took back some malachite, apparently by mistake; for it was named by the Egyptians "false emerald. One of these is a sword from Vreta in Sweden FG 050575 with a very low concentrations of impurities.
The identity of these highland mining people is unknown, but their pottery betrays cultural ties to societies in northern Syria and Mesopotamia.
Central to this trade was the island of Cyprus where high in the copper was mined for export in the form of distinctive exported through coastal ports such asand.
This source became sufficiently famous for Sneferu, about 2800 B. According to the findings, it has been suggested that Mycenaean officials were also aboard accompanying the gifts.
by the Magan to the Sumerian empire and Elam, another ancient civilization.
Lo Schiavo, The Problem of Early Tin, Oxford: Archaeopress.
Glass beads provide a telling link: the same types have been found at Igbo Ukwu and at Gao, Mali, in the Western Sudan.
The central Anatolian plano-convex ingots from Alaca Huyuk and Acemhuyuk will provide an important counterpoint to the Gelidonya material.
Bibliography: Maddin, Robert, Stech Wheeler, Tamara, Muhly, James.